A cooperative localization-aided tracking algorithm for THz wireless systems



In this paper, a novel cooperation-aided localization and tracking approach, suitable for terahertz (THz) wireless systems is presented. It combines an angle of arrival (AoA) tracking algorithm with the two-way time of arrival method, in order to accurately track the user equipments (UE) position and reduce the deafness caused by the estimation errors of the tracking algorithms. This algorithm can be used by one base station (BS) to estimate the UEs position, or by multiple BSs, that cooperate with each other to increase the accuracy of the estimations, as well as the probability of successful estimations and guarantee low-estimation overhead. The efficiency of the algorithm is evaluated in terms of deafness and the probability of successful AoA estimation and is compared with the corresponding performance of the fast channel tracking algorithm.